What Is An Air Conditioning Dry Charge? Published on April 01, 2015 Over the past decade, both the U.S. and Canadian governments have mandated that all makers of air conditioning equipment stop production of the refrigerant R-22 (Freon) or Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs). These refrigerants have been typically used in air conditioners and heat pumps for the last several decades. These mandates are anticipated to have the HVAC industry turn to a more green friendly refrigerant with a technical code R410A. R410A has been verified to be safer for the environment. In late 2010 most air conditioning producers began manufacturing Air Conditioning and Heat Pump units, without adding refrigerant at the factory. These systems are more commonly called “dry charged units”. They can legally be sold and installed which permits your Provo area HVAC contractor to charge the unit on-site with R22. R22 is still legal for AC repair or service a while longer. The intent for these Dry Charged Units is to give the greater Provo area a more simple and relatively inexpensive replacement option for central air conditioners and heat pumps. However, these units also circumvent the spirit of the mandates, which was to wean the industry off less eco-friendly refrigerants. Provo homeowners should know that these Dry Charged Units are approved in the U.S. and Canada. Because of some key ambiguities in the written policies, the entire outdoor unit is technically looked upon as a replacement “part”. These days, condensers or heat pumps intended for use in a replacement R-22 system are often referred to as “Dry Charge” or “Nitrogen Charged” systems. Here are some Frequently Asked Questions about this recent A/C Dry Charge trend. Does it make sense to buy a Dry Charge Air Conditioning Unit? It depends on a number of things. The most important thing to do is learn what types of HVAC equipment the heating and air conditioning industry offers and seek solutions that speaks to your personal comfort, efficiency and lifestyle needs. Take time to understand the benefits and difference between a dry charge unit and new air conditioning products with R-410A refrigerant. Top reasons for buying an R-410A system Current R-410A systems have many benefits to Provo homeowners that Dry Charge units do not. Some of the benefits include: Greater energy efficiency for affordable in-home comfort Modern technology to reduce humidity Current production refrigerant solutions ensuring longer life and extended availability of refrigerant Expanded warranty periods for even greater peace of mind Quieter operation for a more peaceful indoor environment Earth friendly refrigerant that protects the environment Matched coil solutions for improved reliability and guaranteed cooling and heating performance Are Dry Charge units legal? Absolutely. There are no Federal laws or legal restriction on the installation of R-22 or Dry Charge Equipment, however, it can only be used as a repair to an existing system. Is there a warranty that comes with it? Most manufacturers have established a standard 5-year parts warranty on dry charge units. While this offers industry standard protection on the components it does not provide protection against R-22 refrigerant prices, which are expected to increase dramatically. Will the R-22 refrigerant be expensive to buy? It is likely that as a result of supply and demand, the answer to this question is “yes – we do anticipate R-22 refrigerant to get pricey”. As the phase out process of R22 continues, new R-22 refrigerant production will progressively be reduced, with full elimination of its production in 2020. Until that date, indications are that there will likely be sufficient supply to meet the current demand. If you have more questions about refrigerant, we encourage you to contact Service Experts Heating & Air Conditioning for clarification.